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St Michael's C.E. Primary School

St Michael's C.E. Primary School

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Phonics, Literacy and Handwriting in the EYFS

In Early Years, we teach letter names and letter sounds in tandem, but our main focus is the letter sounds, also known as 'phonics'.  We teach this in order to support children's word building  in both reading , enabling them to use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately, and writing, supporting them using their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. 

Where does the word 'phonics' actually come from? 

Phonics is derived from the Ancient Greek word phone, which means sound. 

In phonics, a phoneme is a term given to the sound of particular words/letter groups, e.g. the phoneme in the words say, pay and stay is 'ay'. 

Graphemes - the spelling patterns we use to write words - are so-called because they are graphic representations of spoken language. 

Both classes in Reception support children's fine motor skills and handwriting, but this year Green Class has been trialling teaching cursive handwriting immediately, and Red Class wrote in the precursive style initially, with Mrs Hempstock introducing cursive when she felt it was appropriate as the year progressed. Both styles are supported by the skywriter program below.

If you're about to write, it's always a good idea to warm up your hands first! 

Mr Thorne's phonics with Geraldine the Giraffe is very popular - 
Below is the link to the Letters and Sounds for Home and School channel. This resource is designed by experts for use during Covid-19 with children who are learning phonics using the Letters and Sounds programme. Evidence shows that learning is most effective when children are taught by sticking to a particular programme. If you are not sure what programme your child’s school uses, please contact the school for advice. The Department for Education (DfE) supports the use of a number of different phonics programmes.  
New lessons are uploaded every week day during the summer term:

Don't forget, if you need more/different  ideas, we have dedicated sections on our pinterest pages.

  1. t-l-526167-phase-2-home-learning-challenges-_ver_2
  2. t-l-526182-phase-3-home-learning-challenges-english_ver_2
  3. 10 Ways to Practise Phase 3 Phonics at Home Guide for Parents
  4. Phase 3 Caption Card Read and Draw Activity Sheets
  5. Phase 3 High Frequency Words Flashcards
  6. Phase 3 Phonics Guide for Parents
  7. Phase 3 Phonics Picture Activity Sheets
  8. Phase 3 Phonics Word Building Connecting Bricks Game
  9. Marshmallow Playdough Recipe
  10. Phase 3 Phonics Playdough Mats
  11. Activity Guide
  12. Rainbow Mat
  13. Recipe for How To Dye Pasta and Rice Bright Colours
  14. 2019 high frequency and tricky words